Royal Poinciana Tree

About The Royal Poinciana Tree

Delonix regia – Royal Poinciana

Common Names: Flame Tree, Flamboyant

Delonix regia is a flowering plant that belongs to the family of Fabaceae or bean family. It is also known by its common names such as Flame Tree, Flamboyant, and Royal Poinciana. It is easily recognized because of its colorful display of flowers and is remarkable for its fern-like leaves.  Because of its appearance, it is considered and grown as an ornamental tree.

Aside from it being decorative, the Royal Poinciana is also used as a shade tree, especially in tropical environments. It can grow up to 50 feet or 15 meters, but usually shorter. Although it has a modest height, it spreads widely and has a very broad crown, so it can provide full shade from the sun.

The compound leaves of the Royal Poinciana are light and bright green and can grow up to 30 to 50 centimeters long. They look feathery and are doubly pinnate with 20 to 40 pairs of pinnae or primary leaflets.

As mentioned, the tree is known for its extravagant display of flowers because it grows numerous amount that they almost seem to cover the tree with its red, orange, and yellow flowers. Each flower has 5 petals, 5 small sepals, and 10 stamens.They appear in corymbs at the tips and along the branches and usually grow up to 8 centimeters long.

The flowers are then followed by pods that contain large seeds. The pods are flat and can grow up to 28 inches or 70 centimeters in length. When young, they are green and soft, but turn dark brown and woody as they mature.